Dec 03

IIFB- SBSTTA 20- Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production

Final Statement:

SBSTTA 20 agenda Item 7

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Implications of the IPBES Assessment on Pollinators, Pollination and Food production for the Work of the Convention

Madam. Chair, this statement is made on behalf of International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB)

We thank the Secretariat for preparing the document SBSTTA/20/09, and welcome the document.

The main findings of the assessment regarding the importance of pollinators, implications of and concern over their decline and the urgency of action to reverse this decline, is a reminder of the interconnectedness of mankind with nature and to value the gift of nature for human wellbeing. The risk associated to the decline of pollinators is a direct consequence of the relationship of mankind with nature.

IIFB recognizes that the assessment is highly relevant to the implementation of the strategic plan for the Strategic plan Biodiversity 2011-2020 and to the achievement of the Aichi Targets.We observed the practice of giving emphasized to one particular species of honey producing pollinator-Apis mellifera for commercial purposes only, undermining the existence of over 20,000solidary and wild pollinators which are key elements of the ecosystem functioning.

Madam Chair, indigenous and local knowledge, innovations and practices such as sustainable natural resource management system, diversified production and /or integrated/multi cropping system, agro-ecological and organic farming system are pollinators friendly and offer solution to the current challenges of pollinators decline.

Our practices promotes pollinators abundance, their diversity and their preferred habitat including for foraging and nesting. The fact that the most diverse, biodiversity rich ecosystem and productive landscape are found in the areas and territories inhibited, managed and owned by Indigenous peoples and local communities is the evidence.

In this respect, IIFB would like to propose to add in the suggested recommendation in the following paragraph

Policies and strategies

  1. (a)To integrate consideration of issues related to the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators in agricultural policy, national biodiversity strategies and action plans, Climate Change Adaptation Action Plans and research policy, taking into account the values of pollinators and pollination services, inter alia, to promote the implementation of the actions below, to improve the management of pollinators, to address drivers of pollinator declines and to reduce significantly the large existing crop yield gaps due to pollination deficit;

To read: Reducing risk from pesticides including herbicides

Enabling Policies an activities

  1. (p) Develop and implement incentives for farmers, indigenous peoples and local communities to protect pollinators and pollinator habitat, for example through payment for pollinator services schemes, and remove or reduce negative incentives, such as those promoting destruction of pollinator habitat, overuse of pesticides and herbicides and oversimplification of agricultural landscapes and production systems;

5.(q)    Promote and support land‑use planning and zoning, to enhance the extent and connectivity of pollinator habitats in the landscape, with the participation of farmers, indigenous peoples and local communities;

 

5.(r)     Protect and promote indigenous peoples and local communities’ traditional knowledge innovations and practices for the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators, and protect traditional land rights and tenure to promote biocultural diversity;

 

  1. (s)Enhance the monitoring of the status and trends of pollinators and pollinator-friendly habitats, and the identification of potential pollinator deficits using standardized methodologies and community- based methodologies

 

  1. Invites the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and encourages the lead authors of the assessment to prepare an update or supplement to the assessment, focusing on recent advances as reflected in the scientific literature and other information source

Madam Chair, IIFB welcome

  1. to undertake a brief scoping of issues related to pollinators and pollination relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in all ecosystems, beyond their role in agriculture and food production for consideration by the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice at a meeting held prior to fourteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties;

Thank you Mr. Chair

We will provide our comments and recommendation to the secretariat in writing

Dec 03

IIFB- SBSTTA 20- Synthetic Biology

STATEMENT OF THE IIFB – SBSTTA

AGENDA ITEM 6 – SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY

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I am speaking on behalf of the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB). We thank the Secretariat for preparing the document UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/20/8.

IIFB would like to note that Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, are concerned with the   increasing development and use of synthetic biology, which has largely unknown impacts on biodiversity, environment, socio-economic, cultural, and health aspects.

At the moment there are no relevant international instruments to regulate the application of synthetic biology including its associated products. At the same there is limited research on possible risks and adverse effects that it is likely to have on the environment and on indigenous peoples and local communities, their society, culture and health. It is our submission that synthetic biology will have a serious impact on our food security as its reckless use may result in the loss of our traditional seed and livestock varieties.

We believe that a precautionary approach must be taken to synthetic biology in order to avoid of unforeseeable negative risks. IIFB urges parties to consider putting in place peremptory regulatory and assessment systems of synthetic biology, which in our view is uncertain and unpredictable.

IIFB would like to expressed the need for development of relevant Scenarios, that show possible impact of the use of synthetic biology products, on socio-economic and cultural development of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, taking into account the potential adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in our territories.

Regarding to suggested recommendations, the IIFB would like to propose:

  1. Recommendation to the Conference of the Parties

(d) Encourages Parties, other Governments and relevant organizations to:

(i) Conduct research on the positive and negative impacts of synthetic biology, on biodiversity, socio-economic and cultural aspects, with a view to filling knowledge gaps and identifying how those impacts relate to the objectives of the Convention and its Protocols;

(f) Requests the Executive Secretary:

(vii) To promote the full engagement and participation of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in future activities related to synthetic biology under the Convention.

Many thanks Mr. Chair.

May 10

IIFB-SBSTTA 20- Invasive Species

INTERNATIONAL INDIGENOUS FORUM ON BIODIVERSITY

STATEMENT ON AGENDA ITEM 5

INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES: ADDRESSING THE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH TRADE; BIOLOGICAL CONTROL; AND DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS

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Mr/Madam Chair,

I am speaking on behalf of the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB).

We thank the Secretariat for preparing the documents in relation to Invasive Alien Species.

We welcome this opportunity to share our perspectives on these very critical issues that can have a devastating effect on the livelihoods of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities and in particular the biological control of invasive alien species.

Indigenous peoples and local communities have ownership, occupation, management, or control of around 20% of lands globally and we welcome the approach to use the precautionary principle as the basis for all decisions on the release of biological control agents.

The cost financially, environmentally on the biological diversity and ecosystems and culturally to effectively manage or eradicate the invasive alien species is an enormous burden to Parties, other Governments, relevant organisations, and Indigenous peoples and local communities with significant effect on designated environmentally sensitive or protected areas as well as on human use (eg. Water quality, recreational uses, tourism, animal grazing, hunting, and fishing).

The IIFB draws SBSTTA’s attention to the Guidelines for Assessing the Risk of Non-native Animals Becoming Invasive developed by the World Organisation for Animal Health and the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures produced by IPCC, both of which provide standards for risk assessment process on pests or non-native animals, and indicate to consider direct and indirect consequences that are highly relevant to Indigenous peoples and local communities in the risk assessment processes. These standards include consideration on the consequence in the environment or socio-cultural values. Failure in assessing risks on these could have substantial impacts on the livelihood, food sources, and the social and cultural well-being of Indigenous peoples and local communities.

  • The IIFB therefore recommends that the suggested recommendation paragraph 10 should be broadened, taking into account the inputs from Indigenous peoples and local communities, with regard to identification of, and assessing risks and the impacts posed by invasive alien species on their livelihood and socio-cultural values; human health and well-being; as well as gaps in risk assessment and risk management for the use of biological control agents against invasive alien species.

As well, in the decision support tools, it is critical to engage Indigenous peoples and local communities to use their knowledge, innovations and practices for the management of invasive alien species. Indigenous peoples and local communities have also established economic enterprises to support their livelihood and the impacts of invasive alien species can be devastating to their independence.

Indigenous peoples and local communities should be instrumental in the management, monitoring and regulation of invasive alien species with appropriate education and training in controlled or eradication measures to manage pathways to control invasive alien species. It is essential that Indigenous peoples and local communities who have adapted to rely on some of these invasive alien species for food sources is engaged in these processes.

  • The IIFB would therefore recommend in accordance with the CBD Article 8(j), that Indigenous peoples and local communities are engaged to participate in the compilation or development of decision support tools, and the development of the technical guide for conducting cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis for the management of invasive alien species.

Thank you Mr/Madam Chair

May 10

IIFB-SBSTTA 20- Item 4 Marine and Coastal Biodiversity

INTERNATIONAL INDIGENOUS FORUM ON BIODIVERSITY

STATEMENT ON AGENDA ITEM 4

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The IIFB first acknowledges the traditional people of this place, the Kanien Keha; ka, members of the Haudenosaunee, keepers of the eastern door. We thank their senior members past, present and future, for their custodianship.

This statement is made on behalf of the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB). For all of us, the conservation of marine – coastal ecosystems and its biodiversity is vital, since these resources are the reservoirs so important for the food security of humanity, each day we see these ecosystems and their resources are being threatened by pollution and overexploitation.
Evidently IPLC, including indigenous women, have been contributing to the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and its biodiversity for time immemorial.
Many marine areas of ecological and biological importance are in the ancestral territories of indigenous peoples and local communities, and their role in these areas are indispensable.
As indigenous peoples and local communities we have some comments:

  1. The participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in the regional workshops for describing ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSAs), has been very limited or absent and, for this reason, we request to increase the effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in future workshops related to this work.
  2. It is essential to ensure the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities, including indigenous women and youth, particularly when addressing traditional knowledge and continued practices

Mr chair

On the linkages with other relevant international agreements;

Its important to consider the IPLC reliance on the sustainable use of marine resources for their livelihoods. The IIFB therefore recommend changes to the suggested recommendation 3(c).

Suggested recommendation.

Given their direct relevance, we encourage parties to include explicit reference in para 3(c) to FAO’s Voluntary Guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests and voluntary guidelines for securing sustainable small-scale fisheries.

In regards to recommendation 6, in order to achieve the objectives of ensuring the marine and coastal resources for future generations is crucial taking in to account the indigenous peoples participation, because, based on their traditional knowledge they have succeeded to conserve the marine and coastal ecosystem.

Therefore, IIFB recommends that separate regional workshops for indigenous peoples and local communities are organised to address the contributions of indigenous traditional knowledge in the conservation and use of marine – coastal resources, ecosystems and biodiversity. Similarly supporting cultural practices associated with livelihoods ensures that indigenous traditional knowledge systems are maintained and can play a role in the management and sustainable use of marine biological resources.

Many thanks

May 10

IIFB-SBSTTA 20- Agenda Item 3- Scientific Review of the Strategic Plan

INTERNATIONAL INDIGENOUS FORUM ON BIODIVERSITY

STATEMENT ON AGENDA ITEM 3

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Scientific review of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and related programmes of work and the achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Esteemed Chairperson of the Meeting,and Distinguished Delegates of SBSTTA 20

This statement is made on behalf of the International Indigenous Forum On Biodiversity (IIFB).

As noted, the document UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA20/2 has focused its consideration on progress in the implementation of Target 11 on protected areas, and had not yet fully considered how the scientific review of the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and related programmes of work will be carried out.

In this statement, IIFB wishes to put forward specific recommendations on Target 11 and will review the Agenda items under SBSTTA20 and SBI1 to identify where to forward specific recommendations with respect to the scientific review of the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity with a focus on Aichi Target 18.

VII.      Suggested RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Invites Parties:

ADD: “(c)bis To ensure, including through participatory community mapping and clarification of community protocols, that all new or expanded protected and conserved areas do not encroach into or overlap with indigenous peoples’ and community conserved territories and areas, sacred sites or indigenous peoples’ customary territories without the full and effective participation and free, prior and informed consent of the indigenous peoples and local communities.”

  1. Invites relevant partners, indigenous peoples and local communities regional agencies, bilateral and multilateral funding agencies, in collaboration with the Executive Secretary:
  • To develop further guidance on:

ADD (iii)(bis)  Equitable governance and management, taking into account work being undertaken under Article 8(j) on the implementation of priority task 3 (on customary sustainable use and protected areas) under the Plan of Action on Customary Sustainable Use;

IIFB requests Parties to consider these recommendations in the SBSTTA20 proposals on this matter.

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