International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB)
Statement on agenda items 11, 12 & 13 – GBO4 and Mid-Term Review of Progress Towards the Goals of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, & the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, & Further Actions to Enhance Progress and Review of Progress in Providing Support in Implementing the Objectives of the Convention and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, and Enhancement of Capacity-building, Technical and Scientific Cooperation and other Initiatives to Assist Implementation
We would like to thank the secretariat for preparing the fourth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook. While there has been progress in achieving some of the targets, it is clear that many targets won’t be reached by 2020 unless major changes in approach take place as soon as possible. We highlight that GBO4 identifies that Target 18 has been poorly reported in national reports and that traditional knowledge continues to decline as indicated by the loss of linguistic diversity and large scale displacement of indigenous and local communities.
At the same time, an increasing number of independent studies and research reports are pointing out that exceptionally high rates of biodiversity are found in areas that have historically been inhabited and managed by indigenous peoples and local communities, pointing to evidence of overlaps between biodiversity ‘hotspots’ and indigenous territories in various regions in the world. The holistic and integrated management systems of indigenous peoples and local communities contribute to many Aichi targets that aspire to achieve sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity.
The role of IPLCs in the CBD therefore goes much beyond Target 18 on traditional knowledge and customary sustainable use; rather, indigenous knowledge and customary practices are a centrally important and cross-cutting theme that can potentially have a major positive effect in terms of implementation of (nearly) all of the 20 targets.
It is encouraging to note the Parties’ acknowledgement of, and support for, integrated land-use management – such as indigenous land use systems – to address multiple Aichi targets; the need to approach traditional knowledge as complementary to science; and the value of community-based biodiversity monitoring efforts.
To further build on these community-based advances and benefits, we would therefore like to recommend that, in order improve the prospects of achieving the 20 targets of the Strategic Plan, the role of IPLCs and their holistic natural resource management systems in achieving the three objectives of the convention should be fully recognised and supported, and our full and effective participation should be ensured in the future steps of the implementation of the Aichi targets. We would also like to recommend the full and effective participation of IPLCs in the GBO5 process.
Concerning specific comments to the draft COP decisions, we would like to make the following recommendations for changes to the draft decision document UNEP/CBD/COP/12/1/Add.2/Rev.1:
In paragraph 6 (a), we would suggest the addition of a few words at the beginning of the sentence as follows:
1. To analyse, with input from relevant stakeholders, including the IIFB and indigenous peoples and local communities, the fourth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook… (the rest remains as is)
In Paragraph 16 (c), building on the positive process involving various stakeholders described in paragraph 2 of Annex III, we would like to request the following addition:
2. To convene a meeting, with the participation of relevant stakeholders, including the IIFB Working Group on Indicators, of the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Indicators, with the terms of reference provided in annex III;
In Annex I, Section E, Paragraph 5 (a), we would like to request the following addition:
3. In line 3 after monitoring mechanisms, we would like to add, including community-based monitoring and information systems, with the participation of all stakeholders, including the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities.
Continuing in Annex I, Section E, in Paragraph 5 (b) we would like to recommend the following changes:
4. At the end of the paragraph, add, and other initiatives including those referred to in the Plan of Action on Customary Sustainable Use, and initiatives to use the agreed Traditional Knowledge Indicators under Target 18;
And now, we refer to Annex II, Paragraph (h) and we would like to request the following change:
5. That the word complementary be changed, so that the para reads
(h) Traditional knowledge – The need for better ways to include relevant indigenous and traditional knowledge systems and to acknowledge the collective actions of indigenous and local communities as expert knowledge systems, complementary to scientific knowledge.in support of the effective implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, with the approval and involvement of the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices;
NOTE: For the Secretariat, the additions or changes we are recommending are shown in bold above.